The Room for the Last Supper: This large upper room was lent to Jesus and
His disciples by a man living in Jerusalem. It was a large room, furnished and
ready for their use (Matthew 26:18-19, Mark 14:13-16, Luke 22:10-12).
Gethsemane: The "Oil Press" in Greek. This was a garden of olive trees in
the Kidron valley right outside of the city of Jerusalem (John 18:1).
This garden was a place that Jesus loved to visit (Luke 22:39) and it was
where He chose to spend His last night on earth as a free man. This grove of
olive trees is where Jesus agonized in prayer until He sweated blood, and it is
where His midnight arrest took place (Matthew 26:36-56, Mark 14:32-52, Luke
22:39-53, and John 18:1-14).
The Praetorium/Gabbatha: "The Stone Pavement" in Greek. This paved area
was 2,500 meters square and designed as a parade ground for Roman horses and for
the approach to Pilate’s judgement seat. This is where the Roman soldiers made
mockery of Christ by dressing him in scarlet robes, spitting on Him while
pretending to bow to Him, and putting a crown of thorns upon His head. They also
blindfolded Him and struck Him with a reed staff as well as their fists
(Matthew 27:27-31, Mark 16:16-20).
The Temple: This Temple built by Herod was the center of Jewish life. It
was begun in 20 BC and by the time of Christ it was a dazzling structure of
beauty. However, Jesus prophesied that this Temple would be completely
demolished and that not one stone would be left upon another (Matthew 24:1-2,
Mark 13:1-2, Luke 21:5). This came to pass in AD 70 when it was destroyed by
the Romans. As Jesus was dying on the cross, He said, "It is finished." As He
said this, the curtain in the Temple was supernaturally split from top to
bottom. This curtain was what separated the Holy Place from the Holy of Holies
where the Presence of God dwelt. This splitting of the curtain was a significant
illustration showing us that all believers would now have access to the presence
of God through Jesus Christ (Matthew 27:51, Hebrews 10:19-20).
Golgatha/Calvary: Golgatha is the Aramaic word and Calvary the Greek word
but they both mean the same thing: "The place of the skull." This is where Jesus
was crucified. It was evidently an elevated place (Mark 15:40, Luke 23:49),
near a highway (Matthew 27:39) and was outside the city of Jerusalem
The Garden Tomb: This unused tomb belonged to wealthy Joseph of Arimethea,
who donated it for the burial of the body Jesus after His death on the cross. It
was located near Golgotha and was in a garden (John 19:41, Matthew 27:57-61).
This is the tomb that was found empty, with the stone rolled away three days